notes on ibraheem as

Madina Archives

Madinat al-Muslimeen Islamic Message Board

notes on ibraheem as
03/29/01 at 14:46:53
here are some of the (long overdue) notes I promised ya on Ibraheem as for Eid..

Friday, February 23, 2001
from a dars with Br. Nabil [--don't know his last name.  He was teaching the class in place of br. Mokhtar who was at hajj.  I can find out if you'd like to know]

==> the story of ibraheem alayhis salaam <== 

("as" - alayhis salaam - peace be upon him)

- Ibraheem alayhis salaam was granted hidaya [guidance] before the age of 16.  Maryam, Yahya, Yusuf, Musa, Sulayman - all were young and and all were wise.  Allah has given us these models of righteousness we are to emulate.  When Ibraheem was thrown into the fire, Angel Jibreel asked him "is there anything you would like me to ask Allah?" He said, "Allah knows my condition" - this he said when he was so young.  Consider these models of young righteousness and the condition of our youth now.

- Ibraheem as went to Isma'eel as when he was 12 or 13 (tafseer says he used to "go around with him" ie used to be able to travel with him, at the age when he was beginning to be treated like an adult) and told him of his dream. Ibraheem gave Isma'eel a choice, he said "what do you decide?" this is something to consider - he treated him like an equal, asked him his opinion.  he didn't just say 'i know better', he asked him what he thought, took his opinion into consideration

- the dreams of the prophets are not like ours - they are true, wahiy [revelation] of knowledge or command. There was no Explicit command in the dream for Ibraheem to sacrifice his son, that is why he had the freedom to discuss it with Isma'eel as..

- If we were in Isma'eel's place, what would our reaction be?  Imagine a young boy faced with this.

- Isma'eel was facing death, just like Ibraheem when facing the fire - his eman allowed him to accept the difficulties that confronted him.
"the lion cub comes from the lion" - Ibraheem as transmitted to his sons values, faith, tawakkul [reliance on Allah] - so Isma'eel reacts just like Ibraheem does.. Isma'eel says: Do what you are commanded, you will find me, inshaAllah, as one of those who are patient. [surah saffat ayah 102]

This one ayah summarizes the intensity of emotion in this situation.

And the fact that he said that he is "one of those who are patient" confirms the ayah that gives Ibraheem glad tidings of a son who is "haleem". [more on this later!]

- Isma'eel is described as:
"one of the patient" - in al-Anbiyyah
"one whose words are true" - in Maryam

- surah saffat ayah 103 it says of Ibraheem and Ismaeel "so when they had both submitted.." - Allah equates their submission in this ayah - equates the values of both their decisions - indicates a familial harmony

- there are parallels between Ibraheem and the fire and Ismaeel's plight: Allah commanded the fire not to harm Ibraheem, Allah commanded the knife not to harm the neck of Isma'eel (some tafseer says that Ibraheem actually brought the knife down upon Ismaeels neck - actually made motion with it - but it did not cut)  - so both are protected due to eman

- think about Isma'eel's test, age, and patience - and think about the small things we're asked to do everyday.  Know that in order to impart values to our children, we have to *have* them... just like Ibraheem as did with his children. we need to question our values and how (or if) we are imparting them.  

These stories, these lessons are in the Qur'an at all times, but Eid is a reminder for us, so use it to think about these things..

to be continued inshaAllah...

Re: notes on ibraheem as
03/29/01 at 14:45:35
...notes continued:

Ibraheem as is told:  You have fulfilled your ru'ya [form of wahiy, commandment of revelation in sleep] - and this verily is "bala' mubeen" [see verse]

"bala' mubeen" [bala' - trial, plural: ibtilaa] is interpreted in different ways:
- trial of highest magnitude
- a *revealing* bala' - shows these peoples attributes and traits, why they were chosen.  the trial allows the traits of Ibraheem as and Ismaeel to be manifest

Ibraheem as is mentioned as an Imam that will be tested, 'do you think you will enter Jannah until Allah knows who will strive in His path and who will be patient?' - ali'imran

Some indications that Ismaeel as is the 'sacrificed' son:

[1] The sacrifice is mentioned only in Surah as-Saffat.  *After* this, Ibraheem as is given glad tidings of Is-haaq as a messenger, by an angel that came in the form of a man.  This glad tidings ["basharah"] is mentioned after the story of the sacrifice is concluded.

[2] In al-Ankaboot: Allah made in the descendants of Ibraheem and all the prophets that came after him... (all will have barakah)
Also mention that from Is-haaq descendants will come those who are good and those who are bad.

So check this... if all of Ibraheem's descendants are Is-haaq's descendants, there wouldn't be a need for the first part of the ayah... if the only descendants Ibraheem had were from Is-haaq, talking about Is-haaq's descendants would be sufficient!  there would be no need to distinguish between the two..

If it were just:


there would be no need to distinguish between Ibraheem's descendants, and Ishaaq's descendants, because they're all the same..

*but*, if it were:

   /       \
Ishaaq   Ismaeel
    /             \
descendants descendants

then it makes sense that there is mention of Ibraheem's desecendants and Is-haaq's descendants seperately, because there are some descendants of Ibraheem that do not go through Is-haaq.  

[3] Ibraheem given glad tidings of Is-haaq as a messenger and a grandson Ya'qub - some might say that this means he's just been told he is a *messenger* - that his prophethood was new information, but he still is the son described in the ayah of sacrifice - but if is-haaq was the sacrificed son, this ayah says that he would have a son, meaning that he would know that he wouldn't die, because the ayah mention that he would have a child.

[4] The attribute of "haleem" is repeatedly used in the Qur'an to refer to Isma'eel not Ishaaq.  So the fact that the sacrificed son said that 'you will find me, inshaAllah, among the patient' indicates that it was Isma'eel.

[5] Ibraheem and Ismaeel built the kaa'bah, the rites of hajj are associated with sacrifice. why would Ismaeel build the kaabah if the sacrifice was with Ishaaq?

Both Ismaeel and Ishaaq are prophets, both praised greatly in the Quran.  

- Many references in the Old and New Testament that indicate that Is-haaq was slaughtered. the bible says that Ibraheem was commanded to slaughter his "only son Ishaaq" but this is contradictory because elsewhere in the bible there is mention of Isma'eel as Ibraheem's son, born by Hagar.

Bani Israeel's 'claim to fame' comes from stressing Ishaaq as the son of Ibraheem - the right to land, they are chosen people etc etc

But we believe in both prophets, love them both.  These were two different incidences.

this is not an issue of fundamentals of deen - we love all the prophets - but it's important to understand, to clarify what bani israeel try to promote

the fact that this issue is not specifically addressed, that which son it is is not explicit in Qur'an is an indication of the fact that what is more important is meaning and lessons of these ayaat, the lessons on family, transmission of values, adversity, patience...

take these lessons and think about them!


q of hagar as a slave girl

in Old Testament Hagar is the slave girl of Sara.  many ulema do not accept this, say this is the opinion of ahlul kitaab to promote Ishaaq as.  Bukhari mentions that Hagar and her son were brought to Makkah by Allah as an honor -to establish the community, not as a dishonor.  they were left in desert under command of Allah - this was not done with some ulterior motive by Ibraheem and/or sara  

may have been jealousy because sara (Ibraheem's first wife) was unable to have children - but this does not attribute anger or a hostile nature to Hagar ra.


Any mistakes are mine, forgive me for them and correct me.

wAllahu ta'ala 'alam.

wasalaamu alaykum.

Individual posts do not necessarily reflect the views of, Islam, or all Muslims. All trademarks and copyrights on this page are owned by their respective owners. Comments are owned by the poster and may not be used without consent of the author.
The rest © Jannah.Org